Asset Finance

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Gary Hemming

Author: Gary Hemming CeMAP CeFA CeFA CSP

20+ years experience in asset finance

Many businesses and private companies, from SMEs to sole traders, are constantly on the lookout for ways to improve their financial strategy and cash flow. One option that frequently pops up in these discussions is asset finance. But what is asset finance, and how does it work?

Asset finance is a form of borrowing that allows businesses to obtain assets – such as machinery, vehicles, or equipment – without having to pay the full cost upfront.

This type of financing can be a game-changer for businesses, especially startups and small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs), as it provides them with the tools they need to grow and expand without putting a strain on their cash flow.

The process of asset financing is relatively straightforward. A lender – which could be a bank, a specialist finance company, or a private funder – provides the funds for a business to acquire the asset.

The business then makes regular payments to the lender, which include the cost of the asset, interest, and any additional fees. This allows businesses to spread the cost of an asset over its useful life, making it a more manageable expenditure.

What are the different types of asset finance?

There are several types of asset finance available, each with its own benefits and considerations. The most common types are Hire Purchase, Leasing, and Refinancing.

Hire Purchase

Hire Purchase is a type of asset finance where a business agrees to pay for an asset in instalments over a set period. At the end of the term, the business has the option to purchase the asset outright, often for a nominal fee.

This type of financing is particularly useful for assets that depreciate slowly, such as kitchen or manufacturing machinery. It allows businesses to use the asset while spreading the cost, and eventually, they can own it outright.

Leasing

Leasing, another popular form of asset finance, involves a business renting an asset from a lender for a fixed period. This is a great option for businesses that need to use an asset but don’t necessarily want to own it – for example, vehicles like vans, taxis, or even electric vehicles.

Leasing can also include maintenance and insurance costs, making it a convenient option for businesses. At the end of the lease, the business can choose to return the asset, extend the lease, or sometimes purchase the asset.

Refinancing

Refinancing is a form of asset finance where a business can release the cash tied up in assets they already own. The lender will provide a loan based on the value of the asset, which the business can then use for any purpose – from investing in new assets to improving cash flow.

This type of asset finance can be a lifeline for businesses facing financial uncertainty or needing a cash injection. It’s important to remember, however, that the asset is at risk of being repossessed if the business fails to keep up with the loan repayments.

Finance Lease

A Finance Lease is a type of asset finance that allows businesses to have the full use of an asset, such as machinery, vehicles, or equipment, without the responsibility of owning it. The lender retains ownership of the asset, but the business has the benefits and risks associated with ownership, such as maintenance costs and depreciation.

This type of lease is often used for high-value assets like commercial vehicles, manufacturing machinery, and construction equipment. At the end of the lease term, the business can choose to continue leasing, return the asset, or sell the asset and share the proceeds with the lender.

Asset Loan

An Asset Loan is a form of asset finance where a business borrows money using an asset they already own as collateral. This could be a commercial property, vehicles, or even high-value equipment.

The loan amount is typically based on the value of the asset, and the business can continue to use the asset while repaying the loan. This type of financing can be a lifeline for businesses needing a cash injection or looking to invest in growth opportunities.

However, it’s important to remember that the asset is at risk if the business fails to keep up with the loan repayments.

Operating Lease

An Operating Lease is a type of asset finance that allows a business to use an asset for a fixed period without the responsibility of ownership. This is a great option for businesses that need to use an asset but don’t want to deal with the costs and risks associated with ownership, such as maintenance and depreciation.

At the end of the lease, the business simply returns the asset to the lender. This type of lease is often used for assets that depreciate quickly or become obsolete, such as IT equipment or electric vehicles.

Asset Finance For Business


Asset Finance for Different Business Sizes

Asset finance can benefit businesses of different sizes. Find out how small businesses and startups could benefit.

Asset finance for small businesses

For small businesses, asset finance can be a game-changer. It provides access to the tools and equipment needed to grow and expand without the need for a large upfront expenditure. Whether it’s investing in new machinery, upgrading a commercial vehicle, or even purchasing a fleet of electric vehicles, asset finance provides small businesses with the flexibility to manage their cash flow effectively.

From hire purchase to leasing, there are a variety of asset finance options available to suit the needs of small businesses.

Asset finance for startups

Startups often face unique financial challenges, including limited cash flow and a lack of established credit. Asset finance can provide a solution to these challenges, allowing startups to acquire the assets they need to get their business off the ground.

Whether it’s a loan to purchase essential machinery, a lease for office equipment, or a finance lease for a commercial vehicle, asset finance can provide startups with the financial flexibility they need to succeed. It’s important for startups to think carefully before entering into any financing agreement and to seek advice from a financial expert or broker to ensure they choose the best option for their business.

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How to Apply for Asset Finance

Applying for asset finance is a process that requires careful planning and preparation. The first step is to understand your business needs and the type of asset you wish to finance. Whether it’s machinery, vehicles, or IT equipment, having a clear idea of what you need will help you choose the right finance option.

Next, gather all necessary financial information. This includes your business accounts, bank statements, cash flow forecasts, and details of your assets and liabilities. Lenders will use this information to assess your business’s financial health and your ability to make repayments.

Once you have all your information ready, approach a lender or a broker. They can guide you through the application process, help you understand the terms and conditions of the finance agreement, and find the best deal for your business.

Remember, each lender has different criteria and interest rates, so it’s important to shop around.

Asset finance interest rates

Interest rates on asset finance vary depending on the type of finance, the term of the agreement, the value of the asset, and the financial health of your business. Rates can be fixed or variable. Fixed rates provide certainty over repayments, while variable rates can fluctuate based on market conditions.

Asset finance vs bank loan

While both asset finance and bank loans provide funds for businesses, they work differently. Bank loans provide a lump sum that you repay over time, while asset finance is tied to the purchase of a specific asset.

Bank loans often require a good credit history and may require collateral, while asset finance is secured against the asset itself, making it accessible to businesses with less-than-perfect credit.

What kind of interest rate would I pay on asset finance?

The interest rate you pay on asset finance depends on several factors, including the type of finance, the term of the agreement, the value of the asset, and your business’s financial health.

Rates can vary widely, so it’s important to compare options and understand the total cost of the finance agreement.

What is the Annual Investment Allowance for asset finance?

The Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) is a form of tax relief for businesses in the UK. It allows businesses to deduct the full value of qualifying assets from their profits before tax.

This can significantly reduce the cost of asset finance. The AIA limit varies from year to year, so it’s important to check the current limit and rules.

What are the advantages of asset finance?

Asset finance offers several advantages, they are:

It allows businesses to acquire assets without a large upfront cost, improving cash flow.

It also spreads the cost of the asset over its useful life, making it a more manageable expenditure.

Some forms of asset finance, like leasing, include maintenance and insurance costs, adding convenience.

What are the disadvantages of asset finance?

Despite its advantages, asset finance also has potential downsides. They are:

The total cost of finance is usually higher than buying the asset outright due to interest and fees.

You’ll face the risk of the asset becoming obsolete before the end of the finance term, especially for technology equipment.

Is asset finance a good idea?

Whether asset finance is a good idea depends on your business needs and circumstances. If you need to acquire assets without impacting your cash flow significantly, asset finance can be a good option.

However, it’s important to understand the costs and terms of the finance agreement and consider other financing options.

Key Considerations in Asset Finance

When considering asset finance, it’s important to evaluate several key factors. These include the total cost of the finance agreement, the value of the asset, the terms of the agreement, and the impact on your cash flow.

You should also consider the condition and lifespan of the asset, especially if you’re considering leasing or hire purchase.

It’s crucial to understand the terms of the agreement, including what happens at the end of the term and your responsibilities for maintenance and insurance.

Alternatives to Asset Finance

While asset finance can be a great tool for businesses, it’s not the only financing option available. Alternatives include bank loans, lines of credit, overdrafts, and equity financing.

Each of these options has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the best choice depends on your business’s needs and circumstances.

Bank loans and lines of credit – these can provide flexibility and may offer lower interest rates, but they often require a good credit history and may require collateral.

Overdrafts – These can provide a quick source of funds for short-term needs, but they can be expensive for long-term borrowing.

Equity financing – Equity financing can provide a large amount of funds, but it requires giving up a portion of ownership in your business.

In conclusion, asset finance is a valuable tool for businesses, but it’s important to consider all your options and choose the one that best fits your needs.

Always seek advice from a financial expert or broker to ensure you make the best decision for your business.

Asset Finance Providers

Choosing the right provider for asset finance is a crucial step in the process. One such provider is ABC Finance. With a wealth of experience in the financial sector, ABC Finance offers a range of asset finance options tailored to meet the needs of diverse businesses.

Whether you’re a startup, a small-to-medium enterprise, or a large corporation, ABC Finance has the expertise and tools to help you navigate the complexities of asset finance.

We offer competitive interest rates, flexible terms, and a team of dedicated professionals who understand the unique challenges and opportunities of asset financing.

Asset Finance FAQs

Here are some of the questions we’re commonly asked about asset financing.

Asset finance covers a wide range of items. This includes vehicles such as cars, vans, and commercial vehicles; machinery and equipment for industries like agriculture, construction, and engineering; and even IT equipment and software.

The key is that the item should be a tangible asset that can be used in the business.

Applying for asset finance typically involves several steps.

First, you need to identify the asset you want to finance and the type of finance agreement that suits your needs.

Next, you’ll need to provide financial information about your business, including accounts, cash flow forecasts, and details of your assets and liabilities.

Once your application is submitted, the finance provider will assess your application and make a decision. If approved, you’ll then enter into a finance agreement and the funds will be released for the purchase of the asset.

Asset finance is a form of secured lending, which means it’s tied to a specific asset. This can make it a more accessible option for businesses with less-than-perfect credit.

Compared to other forms of business finance like bank loans or lines of credit, asset finance can offer more flexibility and potentially lower interest rates.

However, the total cost of finance can be higher due to fees and interest, and there’s the risk of losing the asset if you fail to make repayments.

Like any form of finance, asset finance comes with potential risks. These include the risk of losing the asset if you fail to make repayments, the total cost of finance which can be higher than buying the asset outright, and the risk of the asset becoming obsolete before the end of the finance term.

It’s important to consider these risks and seek professional advice before entering into an asset finance agreement.

Asset finance can support business growth in several ways.

It allows businesses to acquire the assets they need to operate and grow without a large upfront cost. This can improve cash flow and free up capital for other investments. Asset finance can also make it easier to upgrade equipment and stay competitive, as the finance agreement can be structured to coincide with the asset’s useful life.

Finally, some forms of asset finance, like leasing, can include maintenance and insurance costs, adding convenience and cost certainty.

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